CV

Stuart R. Hameroff, MD

Curriculum Vitae (May 6, 2021)

 

Position title

Emeritus Professor, Anesthesiology
Emeritus Professor, Psychology
Director, Co-Founder, Center for Consciousness Studies
Attending Anesthesiologist, Banner-University Medical Center
University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona

Education/Training

 

Institution and Location

Degree

Years

Field of Study

University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, PA

B.S.

1965-69

Chemistry, Physics Mathematics

Hahnemann Medical College Philadelphia, PA

M.D.

1969-73

Medicine

Internship, Tucson Medical Center
Tucson, AZ

 

1973-74

Integrated

Residency in Anesthesiology
University of Arizona Medical Center-Banner
Tucson, AZ

  1975-77 Anesthesiology

Employment

1977-present Attending Physician/Anesthesiologist, Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital, University Medical Center, University Physicians Inc., University of Arizona, Health Sciences Center, UAHN, Banner-University Medical Center, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona

1977-1978 Instructor, Anesthesiology, University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona

1978-1984 Assistant Professor, Anesthesiology

1979 Certified by the American Board of Anesthesiology

1979-1985 Director, Pain Clinic/Pain Service, University Medical Center

1984 -1995 Associate Professor with Tenure, Anesthesiology

1994 Joint Appointment, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology

1995 Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine

1995 Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Arizona

1999 Co-Founder, Associate Director, Center for Consciousness Studies, The University of Arizona

2003-present Emeritus Professor, Anesthesiology and Psychology, The University of Arizona

2004-present Director, Center for Consciousness Studies, The University of Arizona

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STUART R. HAMEROFF, MD

Quantum Consciousness Theorist & Researcher

Professor Emeritus, Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Banner, University Medical Center Tucson, Arizona

Director, The Center for Consciousness Studies, College of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of Arizona

Professor Emeritus, UA Department of Psychology, University of Arizona

Research Interests

Consciousness studies, quantum mechanical/general relativity approaches to consciousness, protein conformational dynamics, molecular mechanisms of anesthetic gas molecules, information processing in cytoskeletal microtubules, quantum information science, essential features of living systems, nanotechnology, nanomedicine, philosophical pan-protopsychism, coherence and decoherence.

Biosketch
Stuart Hameroff MD is Emeritus Professor of Anesthesiology & Psychology, Director of the Center for Consciousness Studies at the University of Arizona and attending anesthesiologist at the Banner-University Medical Center in Tucson, Arizona. In the 1970s, Hameroff became interested in intelligent activities of microtubules, protein lattices which organize living cell interiors, and in the 1990s teamed with British physicist and 2020 Nobel prize winner Sir Roger Penrose on the ‘Orch OR’ theory of consciousness. Based on quantum computing in brain neuronal microtubules, Orch OR connects brain activity to quantum state reductions at the most basic level of the universe - fundamental spacetime geometry – where Penrose had proposed Platonic information could influence conscious choices and perceptions. Orch OR has been viewed skeptically by most scientists and philosophers because technological quantum computers require extremely cold temperatures to avoid thermal “decoherence”, and the brain is a warm 37.6 degrees Centigrade. But Orch OR has been bolstered by evidence showing functional quantum states in photosynthesis proteins in warm sunlight and quantum vibrations in microtubules at ambient temperatures. Computer modeling suggests anesthesia acts by selective dampening of microtubule quantum vibrations, erasing consciousness. As part of the Templeton World Charity Foundation (TWCF) program “Accelerating Research in Consciousness”, Hameroff and colleagues have designed and are performing definitive experiments to look for quantum vibrations in microtubules, and test effects upon them of anesthetic gases (http://osf.io/zqnjd/). Orch OR may be either falsified or validated within the next few years.
Hameroff grew up in Cleveland, Ohio, and attended the University of Pittsburgh, studying chemistry, physics, mathematics and philosophy of mind. At Hahnemann Medical College in Philadelphia in the early 70s, he spent time in a cancer research lab studying cell division/mitosis, becoming interested in how mitotic spindles, composed of microtubules, precisely separated chromosomes in a delicate dance. Comparing their lattice structure to computer matrices, he developed an idea that microtubules were computer-like sources of biological intelligence, and perhaps consciousness. Hameroff trained in the department of anesthesiology at the University of Arizona Medical Center in Tucson, mentored by the founding chair Burnell Brown Jr, MD, PhD. After residency, Hameroff joined the anesthesiology faculty in 1977, a position he still holds as emeritus professor and practicing anesthesiologist. In addition to microtubule information processing, consciousness and anesthetic action, he has pursued research in chronic pain, high frequency ventilation and transcranial ultrasound (TUS) as a clinical tool addressing microtubule resonances to treat mental and cognitive disorders.
In 1994, with University of Arizona colleagues Al Kaszniak in Psychology, Alwyn Scott in Mathematics, and subsequently David Chalmers in Philosophy, Hameroff started an interdisciplinary, international conference series ‘The Science of Consciousness’ (‘TSC’).  Held in even-numbered years in Tucson, and odd-numbered years elsewhere around the world, the 27th annual TSC was held (Online due to pandemic) in September 2020. In 1998, with Kaszniak and Scott, and a 1.4-million-dollar grant from the Fetzer Institute, Hameroff co-founded the University of Arizona Center for Consciousness Studies (CCS), served as associate director, and succeeded Kaszniak and then Chalmers, as director in 2004. With Abi Behar-Montefiore as assistant director, CCS has subsisted since 2004 on conference fees and small grants and has supported relevant research. In 2018 CCS moved administratively to the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences under Dean JP Jones. The 2021 conference (August 3-6) will celebrate the science of Sir Roger Penrose on the occasions of his 90th birthday and Nobel prize. The 2022 Science of Consciousness Conference is planned for Tucson, AZ (April 18-23).
Hameroff has written or edited 6 books, and several hundred scientific articles and book chapters, lectured on 6 continents, appeared in the film ‘WhattheBleep?’ and numerous TV and media shows about consciousness on BBC, PBS, Discovery, OWN, RT and History Channel.

Summary Bio

Anesthesiologist, Professor and Researcher Stuart Hameroff joined the faculty at University Medical Center in 1975. Hameroff’s research for over 40 years has involved consciousness (how the pinkish gray meat between our ears produces the richness of experiential awareness). Studying anesthetic gas mechanisms, he focused on how quantum effects control protein conformational dynamics. Following an interest which began in medical school in the computational capacity of microtubules inside neurons, Dr. Hameroff proposed in the early 1980’s that microtubules functioned as molecular computers.
Stuart Hameroff MD grew up in Cleveland, Ohio, and attended the University of Pittsburgh, studying chemistry, physics and philosophy of mind. In medical school at Hahnemann Medical College in Philadelphia, Hameroff spent a summer in a cancer research lab studying cell division/mitosis, becoming interested in how mitotic spindles, composed of protein structures called microtubules, precisely separated chromosomes in a delicate dance. Comparing their lattice structure to computer matrices, he developed an idea that microtubules were computer-like sources of biological intelligence, and perhaps consciousness. Hameroff trained in the department of anesthesiology at the new University of Arizona Medical Center in Tucson, mentored by the founding chair Burnell Brown Jr, MD, PhD. After residency, Hameroff joined the anesthesiology faculty in 1977, a position he still holds as emeritus professor and practicing anesthesiologist.
Hameroff’s research pursued microtubule information processing and anesthetic action. In the mid-1990s he teamed with famed British physicist Sir Roger Penrose to develop a controversial quantum theory of consciousness (‘orchestrated objective reduction’, ‘Orch OR’) based on microtubule quantum computing. Harshly criticized initially, Orch OR is now supported by experimental results including anesthetic action.
Hameroff’s 1987 book Ultimate Computing suggested downloading consciousness into microtubule arrays. In the mid-1990s Hameroff teamed with British physicist Sir Roger Penrose to develop the controversial theory of consciousness called “orchestrated objective reduction” – Orch OR theory – in which consciousness derives from quantum computations in microtubules inside brain neurons, quantum computations connected to the fine- scale structure of spacetime geometry.
In 1994, with colleagues Al Kaszniak in Psychology, Alwyn Scott in Mathematics, and subsequently David Chalmers in Philosophy, Hameroff started an interdisciplinary, international conference series ‘The Science of Consciousness’ (‘TSC’).  Held in even-numbered years in Tucson, and odd-numbered years elsewhere around the world, the 26th annual TSC will be in Switzerland June 2019. In 1998, with Kaszniak and Scott, and a 1.4-million-dollar grant from the Fetzer Institute, Hameroff co-founded the University of Arizona Center for Consciousness Studies (CCS), served as associate director, and succeeded Kaszniak and then Chalmers, as director in 2004. With Abi Behar-Montefiore as assistant director, CCS has subsisted since 2004 on conference fees and small grants, and has supported relevant research. CCS is currently moving administratively to the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences under Dean JP Jones.
In 2017, with Sir Roger Penrose, James Tagg, Ivette Fuentes and Erik Viierre, Hameroff  co-founded the Penrose Institute, intended to support research based on the various works  of Sir  Roger (cosmology, quantum mechanics, general relativity, black holes, geometry and consciousness).
Currently, Orch OR is one of 5 major theories of consciousness being evaluated and compared by the Templeton World Charity Foundation, and Hameroff is proposing experimental tests to validate Orch OR with respect to other theories.
With the discovery of coherent megahertz vibrations in microtubules (2012, Anirban Bandyopadhyay group in Japan), Hameroff proposed that low intensity, non-invasive megahertz vibrations – ultrasound  –  to the brain could therapeutically stimulate microtubule resonance and polymerization, and improve mental and cognitive states. He and UA Anesthesiology colleagues performed and published the first clinical trial showing mood enhancement by non-invasive transcranial ultrasound (‘TUS’) in human volunteers in 2013 in Brain Stimulation. Now collaborating with Psychology professor John JB Allen, Jay Sanguinetti, and, in the College of Medicine, Bellal Joseph (Surgery), Rich Amini (Emergency Medicine), and Todd Vanderah (Pharmacology), and with funding from the Penrose Institute, the group is planning TUS clinical studies for Alzheimer’s, depression, traumatic brain injury, addiction/withdrawal, migraine and induced meditative states.
Hameroff has written or edited 6 books, over a hundred scientific articles and book chapters, lectured around the world, and appeared in the film ‘WhattheBleep?’ and numerous TV documentaries and media shows on the problem of consciousness including the BBC, PBS, Discovery, OWN, RT and History Channel, Huff Post Live.
As Director of the Center for Consciousness Studies, established in 1997 at the University of Arizona, Hameroff co-organized (with philosopher David Chalmers) the international, interdisciplinary biennial conference series ‘The Science of Consciousness’ since 1994. For the past 20 + years TSC-CCS has been providing opportunities for researchers to meet in an international and interdisciplinary setting and has provided scholarships, grants, web courses, seminars, symposiums. The Center is grateful for the past research support from Pfizer-Roerig, NSF, Fetzer Institute The Chopra Foundation, Bhaumik Foundation, YeTaDeL Foundation, Google, Elata Foundation, Journal of Consciousness Studies, Journal of Cosmology, Monroe Institute, NIMS, and Mind Event AB, AOARD, EOARD and AFOSR, Penrose Institute
Dr. Hameroff is grateful to his current and past fellow faculty and residents in the Department of Anesthesiology, surgeons and nurses and techs in the operating rooms, artists Dave Cantrell and Debra Bowles, webmeisters Ed Xia, Abi Behar Montefiore, CCS Associate Directors, Tom Bever and Jay Sanguinetti, TSC conference manager and CCS assistant director, Abi Behar-Montefiore and TSC co-director Philosopher David Chalmers as well as Dr. Hameroff’s numerous scientific collaborators including: Sir Roger Penrose, Jack Tuszynski, Anirban Bandyopadhyay, Travis Craddock, John JB Allen and Jay Sanguinetti. Special thanks to John Paul Jones III Dean of the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences in welcoming the Center for Consciousness Studies to the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences along with the support of SBS staff .

 

Research Websites / Databases

websites: hameroff.com
quantum-mind.org
quantumconsciousness.org
Center for Consciousness Studies | www.consciousness.arizona.edu  
PUB MED.gov  U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health 
search: SR Hameroff, S Hameroff, Stuart Hameroff, Stuart R. Hameroff – Published
Wikipedia
IEEE Xplore Digital Library 1988-2009
Faculty Page, University of Arizona, Department of Anesthesiology, Banner-University Medical Center, Tucson, Arizona
Banner-University of Arizona, Science of Consciousness, Research Page